Exploring the Historical Landscape of Calvert County

Explore the historical landscape of Calvert County, one of the oldest counties in the United States. Learn about its rich farmland, prehistoric fossils, Revolutionary War history, enslaved Africans, toll bridge and more.

Exploring the Historical Landscape of Calvert County

Calvert County is one of the oldest counties in the United States, having been established in 1654. It was first discovered in 1608 by Captain John Smith during his Chesapeake Bay expedition. Located on the western side of Maryland, the county is bordered by the Patuxent River, which forms a level terrace commonly referred to as background land. This area is renowned for its rich farmland and was once home to a thriving tobacco industry. Archaeological evidence suggests that Natives lived in Calvert County as early as 12,000 years ago. The cliffs are famous for the prehistoric fossils and shark teeth that have been found on them.

During the Revolutionary War, although not the site of a major confrontation, Calvert County was still affected by the conflict. In 1812, Calvert County became a battlefield, both on land and at sea. Enslaved Africans were transported to Calvert County in the late 17th century and quickly outnumbered all other groups. In 1951, a toll bridge was built over the Patuxent River at Hallowing Point, connecting Calvert and Charles counties. Today, a large part of the local economy and recreation depends on bodies of water found on the east and west sides of the county. Maryland is known for its Maryland blue crabs, oysters and fish.

Clif is a Calvert County native who has started Your Calvert out of his passion for the county and to discover new things to do and share them with others.

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